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Bird Habitat Conservation Toolkit

Image of Bird
This ground-dwelling, large-bodied warbler is more often heard than seen thanks to its distinctive and loud “teacher-teacher-teacher-teacher” song.


(Seiurus aurocapilla)
British ColumbiaYellow
Primary Habitat
Nest Type
Territory Size
0.6–1.6 ha
Nest Reuse
Same area
Breeding Window
High dispersed retention or large deciduous patches with deep leaf litter.
Large areas of core habitat; riparian buffers >100 m wide.

Habitat Ecology

  • The Ovenbird is most common in large, contiguous deciduous or mixed forest with the following habitat features:1,2
  • Closed canopy (60–90%).1
  • Lower understory cover but deep leaf litter,1 which improves cover for nests and increases invertebrate prey.3
  • The Ovenbird is most strongly associated with mature and older forests, however it has been observed in stands as young as 11–14 years post-disturbance, suggesting some flexibility in its use of forested habitats.2,4
  • This species shows a slight increase following spruce budworm outbreaks.5

Response to Forest Management

  • Overall, Ovenbird is considered a forest-interior species that is sensitive to even low-intensity harvesting in the short term (e.g., harvest with 30–40% retention).3,6–8
  • However, this species was observed using clearcut (i.e., no planned retention) harvest stands 15–33 years postharvest, suggesting rapid recovery on harvested sites as leaf litter from regenerating vegetation becomes thick—however, occupancy was consistently higher in unharvested forest.9
  • In Saskatchewan, Ovenbirds responded positively to large aggregated harvests (250–400 ha and 1,200–2,700 ha) compared with postfire stands and salvage-logged burns.10

Stand-level Recommendations

  • High retention levels (e.g., 70 trees/ha with ≥30 cm dbh or >30% retention) may affect this species less negatively than clearcuts in the short term by providing greater canopy closure and leaf litter,1 however at least one study suggests that 20–50% dispersed retention has a limited positive effect up to 15 years postharvest.11
  • The negative effects of clearcutting may be limited to the first 15 postharvest years provided regenerating deciduous vegetation produces deep leaf litter, yet this may represent lesser-quality habitat.9
  • Patches of closed-canopy, mature deciduous trees with low understory cover and deep leaf litter are recommended within harvested stands. Patch sizes, amount, and distribution should be consistent with the region’s natural range of variation (but see Landscape-level Recommendations).12,13

Landscape-level Recommendations

  • Large blocks of young to mature forest (e.g., 30–100 years14), represented according to the area’s natural range of variation, will likely contribute the most important habitat for Ovenbirds to successfully breed.
  • On heavily fragmented landscapes, protection of very large (>500 ha) forests with >90 ha in “core habitat” is recommended to reduce the risk of local population declines.15
  • “Core habitat” is defined as habitat >100 m from an edge, because Ovenbirds have been shown to experience negative edge effects within 100–300 m of cutblock edges.16
  • Riparian buffers ≥100 m are necessary to accommodate an Ovenbird territory,17 but smaller buffers may provide corridors for dispersal.18

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